Makar Sankranti 2020

Agriculture has been a deep part of Indian society. The festival of Makar Sankranti is celebrated in different ways throughout the country, in which people welcome the new season of harvest in their own cultural way. On this day, many people pray to Goddess of Knowledge and Knowledge (Goddess Saraswati) for clarity of mind. This festival highlights the importance of pulling back from unethical and unhealthy behavior, while instead practicing for peaceful and positive people.

Importance of Festival

'Makara' means zodiac, Capricorn and solstice. Also known as Makara in Sanskrit, this festival celebrates the arrival of the Sun in Capricorn. According to astrology, the planet, Saturn, rules Capricorn. And this planet is believed to be the son of Sun God (Lord Surya). In short, this means that during this time, Surya comes to live with his son. This period signals the release of any old bitterness and quarrels, which supersedes any old bitterness and resentment in order to let someone know the beauty and love that the world has to offer! With energy and encouragement from the sun, establish more meaningful relationships with the people you love, skip silly arguments and quarrels and focus on happier times. Celebrate this festival by spreading positive vibes to your loved ones.

This festival is particularly different from other Hindu festivals because the date of celebrating Makar Sankranti is fixed, that is, it is celebrated every year on 14 January. This is the time around which the Sun starts transitioning towards the north. The festival also marks the point from which cold, short, winter days give way to long and warm months. The limited sunlight during the winter season hinders a good harvest of crops, and this is why as the sun moves northward, the whole country rejoices with the prospect of a better harvest!

Celebration ceremony

Festivals are celebrated in myriad cultural forms in different parts of the country. Each region has different names, and different ways to celebrate; Based on rituals and customs according to their localization, culture and traditions.

 Makar Sankranti festival is known as Magh Bihu in Assam, Uttarayan in Gujarat, Pongal in Tamil Nadu and Lohri in Punjab.

Like any other festival, there are various customs and traditional rituals to celebrate the grand festival of Makar Sankranti. Some celebrations involve preparing special food dishes and sweets, such as kalagaya kura, colored pudding and the most popular dessert, sesame seeds.

Kite flying is an integral part of Uttarayan, which is considered to be one of the largest festivals in the state of Gujarat, so much so that locals also know this festival as International Kite Festival.

In religious states, Makar Sankranti is one of the big and holy bathing days of Hindus. People go in huge crowds to visit holy places to bathe in holy water. Usually, people visit Allahabad and Varanasi, Haridwar, Ujjain and Nashik. Gangasagar or Sagar Island, situated at the confluence of the Ganges River and the Bay of Bengal, is a famous Hindu pilgrimage site, which falls during this festival.

On this day big and small fairs (or fairs) are organized all over the country. Some of the famous ones are Kumbh Mela, Gangasagar Mela and Makar Mela in Odisha.

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